Capital of the homonymous province, the city of Ragusa rises in the southern part of the Iblei Mountains and east of the Sicilian territory. Historical medieval settlement, the city of Ragusa is today "divided" in the "modern" city consisting of a cross-linked plant and "Ragusa Ibla" (the ancient polis), which stands on a hill where it fits harmoniously and it represents the richest testimony of the medieval and baroque testimonies of Sicily. The ancient Hibla (the name seems to come from the goddess Hybla) was founded by the Siculi who left a significant testimony of their passage in the burial niches dug in many areas of the city and clearly visible in the valley of Gonfalone, along the stretch of road that leads to Modica. With the Arabs the name of the city became Rakkusa (or "Ragus"), today Ragusa. History and ancient traditions are therefore unique elements of the city and the spirit of the Ragusa people. But the city of Ibla is known in Sicily and in the rest of Italy for the numerous historical and artistic beauties beautifully preserved inside. Visiting the city of Ragusa (in the modern area), one can not miss Piazza San Giovanni, the historic city center , in which stands the magnificent Cathedral of San Giovanni which has a rich façade with three portals and is adorned with imposing marble statues. Continuing along the Corso (Corso Italia), you will find the church of the Collegio di Maria Addolorata, whose façade is embellished with finely decorated Corinthian columns. Also worth visiting is the Palazzo Vescovile, the Museo Archeologico Ibleo and Palazzo Lupis, a fine example of a noble residence of the 18th century. In ancient Ibla, a visit to the Palazzo della Cancelleria, an example of refined baroque, the Church of Santa Maria dell'Idria and Piazza Duomo, where stands the Church of San Giorgio (Unesco heritage): among the main and best preserved works of the Sicilian baroque on the Island.
The town of Ragusa is about 100 km from the international airport of Catania Fontanarossa and just 27 km from the airport of Comiso, connected to the cities of Rome, Milan, Pisa, Frankfurt, Brussels, London, Dublin and Dusseldorf. The airport "Degli Iblei" is in fact easily reachable by bus (with the company "Sicily Shuttle"), by taxi at the exit of the "arrivals" terminal or through the car rental service with driver (NCC) on the site Bravodriver.com . For more information visit Catania Airport from/to Ragusa .
From the city of Catania (the shortest way) to reach the center of Ragusa is take the State Road 194, exit Syracuse and continue on the State Road 194 to Ragusa (center). From the city of Palermo, however, you need to travel over 260 km to reach the center of Ragusa. The recommended route from the Sicilian capital is the A19 Palermo - Catania motorway, until the Caltanissetta exit, continue on the Statale 626 up to Gela and then on the 115 up to the city of Ragusa.
To reach Ragusa by ship or hydrofoil from the main Italian ports it is recommended to disembark in Catania, connected with daily routes with the ports of Naples, Livorno, Cagliari and Genoa. Possible also the docking in the nearby ports of Augusta and Pozzallo with smaller boats.
From Catania central train station (piazza Papa Giovanni XXIII), the Catania-Ragusa route (with mandatory change) is served by Trenitalia and takes over 2 hours of travel time. For timetables and costs it is advisable to visit the website of the rail transport service Trenitalia .
A walk through the streets of the historic center of the ancient city of Ibla is definitely a recommended choice that will give unique and unexpected sensations. Passing through stone portals and through the windows decorated with flowers, in the ancient city of Ragusa you will return to a dimension that is often forgotten, where life flows calmly in a constant encounter between nature, sea and mountains. Walking along the old town you will soon reach the main square: a perfectly preserved baroque corner. From this position it will be possible to admire the palace of the Chancellery, a refined baroque building still miraculously intact, with the church of Santa Maria dell'Idria, inside which are preserved vases and polychrome flowers of Caltagirone. Palazzo Cosentini and the Church of the Purgatore, enclosed by an artistic iron gate, are in front of the ancient stairs. Continuing along Via Cabrera you get to Piazza Duomo, dominated, in the upstream part, by the splendid church of San Giorgio, a World Heritage Site along with the Sicilian "Baroque".